PC Security for People Who Only Speak a Little English


Do you like Windows?  Windows is an operating system.  Windows comes in several versions.  Windows XP was very popular.  But now Windows XP is no longer supported.  The Windows family of operating systems is still the most widely used in the world.

Do you take any precautions to protect your privacy?  Do you use an anti-virus program?  Do you know how to protect your PC?

Do you know your computer?

What operating system do you use?  What browser do you use?  What search engine do you like most?  Is your computer 32-bit or 64-bit?  How much RAM do you have?  How big is your hard drive?  How many CPUs does your computer have?

If you choose to use Windows, then make sure to do the following things:
1.  You should disable the Guest account unless you need it.  If you do not know how, then do not worry.  Complete step 4.
2.  Make sure that automatic updating occurs.  Go to Control Panel/Windows Updating (in Windows 7), and make sure automatic updating is turned on.
3.  Choose an anti-virus program.  AVG is a good choice, but you have to pay for it.  Some anti-virus programs are free.  Avast is free, and many people like to use it.
4.  Download the Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer and run it.  This program is free, and it is very helpful because it tells you about problems with your computer.  It also shows you how to fix those problems.
5.  Use the AVG program called PC Tune Up and run it. This program will tell you about possible security weaknesses in your system, if they are present. PC Tune Up and MBSA can work together to give you a clear picture about your computer’s security.  PC Tune Up will also make your computer run faster and more efficiently.
6.  Disable Windows Internet Explorer.  Windows Internet Explorer is the most targeted browser in the world.
7.  Use Mozilla and the following add-ons: Ghostery, Adblock Plus, World IP, Modify Headers , NoScript Security Suite, HTTPS Everywhere, and DuckDuckGo (HTTPS/SSL).  Mozilla does not collect your personal information.  The add-ons help your computer stay safe.  They also protect your privacy.
8.  Take a small piece of dark tape and put it over your camera, or find another way to cover it (without hurting the lens).
9.  Think if you need to use a VPN (Virtual Private Network). This may slow down your connection, but it may not. It will give you a very high level of privacy, but no anonymity. VyprVpn is a good choice. Use the 256-bit encryption option, and choose a server in Switzerland, Sweden, or Iceland.  This will protect your privacy as you browse.
10.  Make sure that the Windows Malicious Software Removal Tool is present and updated on your system. Run it. Watch to see if it runs and finishes properly. This program is very helpful.  It is also free.  But do not use it as a substitute for an anti-virus program.  You still need to use an anti-virus program like Avast or AVG.
11.  Consider to use the TOR network if you want anonymity while browsing.

Everyone likes the internet, right?  We use it every day.  Learn to take care of your personal computer.  Remember that 100% security is not possible on the internet, but you can do a lot to make your computer very safe.

New Words

Operating system- the software you use to manage your computer

Versions- different kinds of basically the same thing

Supported- the company helps to fix problems

Widely used- used by many people in many places

Precautions- things you do to prevent problems

Privacy- that no one else is watching what you do

PC- personal computer

Browser- the software that searches the internet

RAM-  Random Access Memory.  This is data storage for processing.

Hard Drive- This is where you store your data to keep it.

CPU- Central Processing Unit.  This is the brain of your computer.

Anonymity- no one knowing who you are

Guest- someone who uses your computer.  You can give that person an account.  But the Guest account system can be a big problem.

Updating- getting new things that help your computer

Security Weaknesses- a problem that could make your computer less safe

Add-ons- small programs that you can add to your browser

VPN- Virtual Private Network.  A private tunnel to your destination.  It is not physical like a single wire going all the way from your computer to another.  It is more like a channel.

Connection- two things linked together

Encryption- encoding a message so no one can understand it except the intended person or persons

Present- there

Properly- works as it should work

TOR Network- a computer network designed to provide anonymity.  It has its own browser that uses HTTPS Everywhere.

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